Severe Brain Damage Information

Help for Severe Brain Damage Survivors and Family Members

By Gordon S. Johnson, Jr.

The purpose of the following materials is to furnish a manual on severe brain damage, including coma, brain bleeds, hemorrhage, subdural hematoma and severe diffuse axonal damage.

My way of dealing with teaching about severe brain damage and coma is to give you materials in several layers. We start with the emotional help for the loved ones of someone with severe brain injury, please visit Help for Coma in Michigan. Part of that help is the information within on what’s really occurring inside the skull, right now, while you wait for the person to emerge from the coma.

On this Severe Brain Damage treatment we will discuss the primary kinds of complications of severe Closed Head Injury pathology, including the specific diagnosis of injury, intracranial pressure and specifically help to understand the following:

  • Skull Fracture

  • Intracranial Lesions

  • Subdural hematoma

  • Epidural hematoma

  • Contusions and Intracerebral Hematoma

  • Severe Axonal Damage

  • Brain Stem Damage

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

  • Midline Shift

Skull Fractures

A skull fracture is a broken bone in the skull, not necessarily severe brain damage.  While it may not be the worst of injuries, it frequently deals with additional terrible injury to the brain.  It takes notably large force to break a bone, particularly the skull, which is designed to protect and absorb a good amount of force.  Depending on the vector and the degree of the external force, enough trauma may occur to damage the brain as well.  CT scans and even X-ray are available to establish where the break to the hard bone of the skull is. However, those imaging devices by themselves may not display the entire extent of severe brain damage.

The skull is there to keep the brain protected and can do so, even in instances where it is broken. Fracturing the skull can absorb a great degree of biomechanical force, to some degree protecting the brain from the direct blow.  Sometimes, the skull may be broken with minimal total damage to parts of the brain. Nevertheless, the risk of a complication called hematoma (brain bruise) can be raised as much as four hundred percent after a skull fracture.

The Function of Dura In Comprehending Severe TBI Complications

When the skull is fractured, the energy is likely to be transmitted by direct contact to the areas of brain tissue next to the break. The soft brain is enclosed in the “dura,” almost like a coarse, tight-fitting encasement. It is the dura that first makes contact with the skull in an accident.


Gordon Johnson

Attorney Gordon Johnson is one of the nations leading brain injury advocates. He is Past-Chair of the TBILG, a national group of more than 150 brain injury advocates. He has spoken at numerous brain injury seminars and is the author of some of the most read brain injury web pages on the internet.

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